What is articular cartilage?

Articular cartilage is an integral part of all joints of the body. This is a solid, white, shiny structure with unique structure, allowing the joint surfaces to move easily to one another.

It protects the bones, reducing the friction and makes the movement smooth. Specific structure of cartilage makes it especially vulnerable to trauma of the joint.


What causes damage to the articular cartilage?

The causes of damage to the articular cartilage can be different.

The normal structure and function of the cartilage can be compromised relatively easily, and damage is often a result of this. Some of the ways in which your cartilage may suffer are:

  • Traumatic shock, such as a bad fall during sports or other activities.
  • Gradual damage of the cartilage after repeated knee microinjury.
  • Wear and tear over time (degenerative joint disease), particularly in patients with unstable joints or overweight.
  • Prolonged immobilization of the joint.
  • The articular cartilage can be also damaged by a number of diseases (gout, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and a number of infectious diseases).


Why should I go under surgery?

Articular cartilage can be restored once it has been damaged. There are different procedures that can help to restore cartilage. However, as with any surgery, you should have a good reason to accept it. Damage to the articular cartilage is not life threatening, but can threaten your quality of life, as it can not only cause pain and swelling, but limiting the daily activity. Restoration of articular cartilage reduces pain and prevents serious damage to the joint.


How is the surgery done?

In "Vita" Hospital is practiced arthroscopic cartilage surgery. During the operation, the surgeon makes three small incisions, through which the arthroscope is inserted - bit device with micro camera showing the image on a monitor. Endoscopic (bloodless) intervention is extremely effective for diagnosis, and the treatment of joint problems. Furthermore, it allows patients to be treated surgically with minimal tissue trauma and the possibility of lower operating risk, shorter hospital stay, lower postoperative pain and faster recovery and return to normal activity.


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